Prosecutors say all five were involved in a smuggling operation that held 115 captive in a small southern Houston house.
The men are accused of holding 115 people in a Houston home and threatening them with violence if they could not come up with a ransom payment.
More than 30 people have been indicted in a Houston-based wrongful employment and human smuggling ring with ties to Louisiana and Arkansas.
Nearly a dozen suspects have been arrested in Houston in a crackdown on an alleged human smuggling ring operating in Texas and other states.
Immigration officials raided a northwest Harris County home Monday night, suspected of functioning as housing for persons who are in the country illegally.
A South Texas man has been convicted in a human smuggling case in which more than 30 suspected illegal immigrants were found in an apartment.